Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

a-Synuclein-Induced Synapse Damage in Cultured Neurons Is Mediated by Cholesterol-Sensitive Activation of Cytoplasmic Phospholipase A2

Bate, C; Williams, A

Authors

C Bate

A Williams



Abstract

The accumulation of aggregated forms of the α-synuclein (αSN) is associated with the pathogenesis of Parkinson’s disease (PD) and Dementia with Lewy Bodies. The loss of synapses is an important event in the pathogenesis of these diseases. Here we show that aggregated recombinant human αSN, but not βSN, triggered synapse damage in cultured neurons as measured by the loss of synaptic proteins. Pre-treatment with the selective cytoplasmic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) inhibitors AACOCF3 and MAFP protected neurons against αSN-induced synapse damage. Synapse damage was associated with the αSN-induced activation of synaptic cPLA2 and the production of prostaglandin E2. The activation of cPLA2 is the first step in the generation of platelet-activating factor (PAF) and PAF receptor antagonists (ginkgolide B or Hexa-PAF) also protect neurons against αSN-induced synapse damage. αSN-induced synapse damage was also reduced in neurons pre-treated with the cholesterol synthesis inhibitor (squalestatin). These results are consistent with the hypothesis that αSN triggered synapse damage via hyperactivation of cPLA2. They also indicate that αSN-induced activation of cPLA2 is influenced by the cholesterol content of membranes. Inhibitors of this pathway that can cross the blood brain barrier may protect against the synapse damage seen during PD.

Citation

Bate, C., & Williams, A. (in press). a-Synuclein-Induced Synapse Damage in Cultured Neurons Is Mediated by Cholesterol-Sensitive Activation of Cytoplasmic Phospholipase A2. Biomolecules, 5(1), 178-93. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom5010178

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 19, 2015
Deposit Date Mar 17, 2015
Publicly Available Date Mar 17, 2015
Journal Biomolecules
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 5
Issue 1
Pages 178-93
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/biom5010178
Public URL https://rvc-repository.worktribe.com/output/1401808