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Global prioritization of endemic zoonotic diseases for conducting surveillance in domestic animals to protect public health (2023)
Journal Article
Qiu, Y., Guitian, J., Webster, J., Musallam, I., Haider, N., Drewe, J., & Song, J. (2023). Global prioritization of endemic zoonotic diseases for conducting surveillance in domestic animals to protect public health. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 378(1887), https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2022.0407

Zoonotic diseases (zoonoses) originating from domestic animals pose a significant risk to people's health and livelihoods, in addition to jeopardizing animal health and production. Effective surveillance of endemic zoonoses at the animal level is cru... Read More about Global prioritization of endemic zoonotic diseases for conducting surveillance in domestic animals to protect public health.

Reshaping surveillance for infectious diseases: less chasing of pathogens and more monitoring of drivers (2023)
Journal Article
Drewe, J. A., George, J., & Häsler, B. (2023). Reshaping surveillance for infectious diseases: less chasing of pathogens and more monitoring of drivers. Scientific and Technical Review, 42, 137-148. https://doi.org/10.20506/rst.42.3357

Animal health surveillance, despite its name, tends to focus on looking for disease. Often this involves searching for cases of infection with known pathogens ('pathogen chasing'). Such an approach is both resource intensive and limited by the requir... Read More about Reshaping surveillance for infectious diseases: less chasing of pathogens and more monitoring of drivers.

Surveillance and risk assessment for early detection of emerging infectious diseases in livestock (2023)
Journal Article
Drewe, J. A., Snary, E. L., Crotta, M., Alarcon, P., & Guitian, J. (2023). Surveillance and risk assessment for early detection of emerging infectious diseases in livestock. Scientific and Technical Review, 42, 120-127. https://doi.org/10.20506/rst.42.3355

Those who work in the area of surveillance and prevention of emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) face a challenge in accurately predicting where infection will occur and who (or what) it will affect. Establishing surveillance and control programmes f... Read More about Surveillance and risk assessment for early detection of emerging infectious diseases in livestock.

Wild boar visits to commercial pig farms in southwest England: implications for interspecies disease transmission (2022)
Journal Article
Anthony James Bacigalupo, S., Dixon, L., Gubbins, S., Kucharski, A., & Drewe, J. (2022). Wild boar visits to commercial pig farms in southwest England: implications for interspecies disease transmission. European Journal of Wildlife Research, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10344-022-01618-2

Contact between wild animals and farmed livestock may result in disease transmission with huge financial, welfare and ethical consequences. Conflicts between people and wildlife can also arise when species such as wild boar (Sus scrofa) consume crops... Read More about Wild boar visits to commercial pig farms in southwest England: implications for interspecies disease transmission.

The importance of fine-scale predictors of wild boar presence in an isolated population (2022)
Journal Article
Bacigalupo, S. A., Chang, Y., Dixon, L. K., Gubbins, S., Kucharski, A. J., & Drewe, J. A. (2022). The importance of fine-scale predictors of wild boar presence in an isolated population. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.9031

1. Predicting the likelihood of wildlife presence at potential wildlife-livestock interfaces is challenging. These interfaces are usually relatively small geographical areas where landscapes show large variation over small distances. Models of wildli... Read More about The importance of fine-scale predictors of wild boar presence in an isolated population.

Machine learning classification methods informing the management of inconclusive reactors at bovine tuberculosis surveillance tests in England (2021)
Journal Article
Romero, M. P., Chang, Y., Brunton, L. A., Parry, J., Prosser, A., Upton, P., & Drewe, J. A. (2021). Machine learning classification methods informing the management of inconclusive reactors at bovine tuberculosis surveillance tests in England. Preventive Veterinary Medicine,

Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) remains one of the most complex, challenging, and costly animal health problems in England. Identifying and promptly removing all infected cattle from affected herds is key to its eradication strategy; the imperfect sensitiv... Read More about Machine learning classification methods informing the management of inconclusive reactors at bovine tuberculosis surveillance tests in England.

Combining analytical approaches and multiple information sources to improve interpretation of diagnostic test results for tuberculosis in wild meerkats (2021)
Journal Article
Patterson, S., Clarke, C., Clutton Brock, T., Miller, M., Parsons, S., Pfeiffer, D., …Drewe, J. (2021). Combining analytical approaches and multiple information sources to improve interpretation of diagnostic test results for tuberculosis in wild meerkats. Animals,

Diagnostic tests are used to classify individual animals’ infection statuses. However, validating test performance in wild animals without gold standard tests is extremely challenging, and the issue is further complicated in chronic conditions where... Read More about Combining analytical approaches and multiple information sources to improve interpretation of diagnostic test results for tuberculosis in wild meerkats.

Serologic responses correlate with current but not future bacterial shedding in badgers naturally infected with Mycobacterium bovis (2021)
Journal Article
Jolma, E. R., Delahay, R. J., Smith, F., & Drewe, J. A. (in press). Serologic responses correlate with current but not future bacterial shedding in badgers naturally infected with Mycobacterium bovis. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, https://doi.org/10.1111/tbed.14181

Bovine tuberculosis is a challenging cattle disease with substantial economic costs in affected countries. Eradication in parts of the United Kingdom and Ireland is hindered by transmission of the causative agent Mycobacterium bovis between cattle an... Read More about Serologic responses correlate with current but not future bacterial shedding in badgers naturally infected with Mycobacterium bovis.

A comparison of the value of two machine learning predictive models to support bovine tuberculosis disease control in England (2021)
Journal Article
Romero, M. P., Pilar Romero, M., Chang, Y., Brunton, L. A., Prosser, A., Upton, P., …Drewe, J. A. (2021). A comparison of the value of two machine learning predictive models to support bovine tuberculosis disease control in England. Preventive Veterinary Medicine,

Nearly a decade into Defra’s current eradication strategy (Defra, 2014, 2011), bovine tuberculosis (bTB) remains a serious animal health problem in England, with c.30,000 cattle slaughtered annually in the fight against this insidious disease. There... Read More about A comparison of the value of two machine learning predictive models to support bovine tuberculosis disease control in England.

Decision tree machine learning applied to bovine tuberculosis risk factors to aid disease control decision making (2019)
Journal Article
Romero, M. P., Chang, Y. M., Brunton, L. A., Parry, J., Prosser, A., Upton, P., …Drewe, J. A. (2019). Decision tree machine learning applied to bovine tuberculosis risk factors to aid disease control decision making. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2019.104860

Identifying and understanding the risk factors for endemic bovine tuberculosis (TB) in cattle herds is critical for the control of this disease. Exploratory machine learning techniques can uncover complex non-linear relationships and interactions wit... Read More about Decision tree machine learning applied to bovine tuberculosis risk factors to aid disease control decision making.

Development of Reporting Guidelines for Animal Health Surveillance—AHSURED (2019)
Journal Article
Comin, A., Grewar, J., Schaik, G. V., Schwermer, H., Paré, J., El Allaki, F., …Lindberg, A. (2019). Development of Reporting Guidelines for Animal Health Surveillance—AHSURED. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 6, https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2019.00426

With the current trend in animal health surveillance toward risk-based designs and a gradual transition to output-based standards, greater flexibility in surveillance design is both required and allowed. However, the increase in flexibility requires... Read More about Development of Reporting Guidelines for Animal Health Surveillance—AHSURED.

Quantifying direct and indirect contacts for the potential transmission of infection between species using a multilayer contact network (2018)
Journal Article
Silk, M., Drewe, J., Delahay, R. J., Weber, N., Steward, L., Wilson-Aggarwal, J., …McDonald, R. (2018). Quantifying direct and indirect contacts for the potential transmission of infection between species using a multilayer contact network. Behaviour, 155(7-9), https://doi.org/10.1163/1568539X-00003493

Detecting opportunities for between-species transmission of pathogens can be challenging, particularly if rare behaviours or environmental transmission are involved. We present a multilayer network framework to quantify transmission potential in mult... Read More about Quantifying direct and indirect contacts for the potential transmission of infection between species using a multilayer contact network.

Regulation of bone mineral density in the grey squirrel, Sciurus carolinensis: Bioavailability of calcium oxalate, and implications for bark stripping (2017)
Journal Article
Nichols, C. P., Gregory, N. G., Goode, N., Gill, R. M. A., & Drewe, J. A. (2017). Regulation of bone mineral density in the grey squirrel, Sciurus carolinensis: Bioavailability of calcium oxalate, and implications for bark stripping. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 102(1), https://doi.org/10.1111/jpn.12740

Inference of the infection status of individuals using longitudinal testing data from cryptic populations: Towards a probabilistic approach to diagnosis (2017)
Journal Article
Buzdugan, S. N., Vergne, T., Grosbois, V., Delahay, R. J., & Drewe, J. A. (2017). Inference of the infection status of individuals using longitudinal testing data from cryptic populations: Towards a probabilistic approach to diagnosis. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-00806-4

Effective control of many diseases requires the accurate detection of infected individuals. Confidently ascertaining whether an individual is infected can be challenging when diagnostic tests are imperfect and when some individuals go for long period... Read More about Inference of the infection status of individuals using longitudinal testing data from cryptic populations: Towards a probabilistic approach to diagnosis.

Diagnosis of tuberculosis in groups of badgers: an exploration of the impact of trapping efficiency, infection prevalence and the use of multiple tests (2016)
Journal Article
Buzdugan, S. N., Chambers, M. A., Delahay, R. J., & Drewe, J. A. (2016). Diagnosis of tuberculosis in groups of badgers: an exploration of the impact of trapping efficiency, infection prevalence and the use of multiple tests. Epidemiology and Infection, 144(8), 1717-1727. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0950268815003210

Accurate detection of infection with Mycobacterium bovis in live badgers would enable targeted tuberculosis control. Practical challenges in sampling wild badger populations mean that diagnosis of infection at the group (rather than the individual) l... Read More about Diagnosis of tuberculosis in groups of badgers: an exploration of the impact of trapping efficiency, infection prevalence and the use of multiple tests.

Beyond aggression: Androgen-receptor blockade modulates social interaction in wild meerkats (2016)
Journal Article
DelBarco-Trillo, J., Greene, L. K., Goncalves, I. B., Fenkes, M., Wisse, J. H., Drewe, J. A., …Drea, C. M. (2016). Beyond aggression: Androgen-receptor blockade modulates social interaction in wild meerkats. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yhbeh.2015.11.001

In male vertebrates, androgens are inextricably linked to reproduction, social dominance, and aggression, often at the cost of paternal investment or prosociality. Testosterone is invoked to explain rank-related reproductive differences, but its role... Read More about Beyond aggression: Androgen-receptor blockade modulates social interaction in wild meerkats.