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Persistence of Multiple Paramyxoviruses in a Closed Captive Colony of Fruit Bats (Eidolon helvum)

Gibson, L; Ribas, MP; Kemp, J; Restif, O; Suu-Ire, RD; Wood, JLN; Cunningham, AA


L Gibson

MP Ribas

J Kemp

O Restif

RD Suu-Ire

JLN Wood

AA Cunningham


Bats have been identified as the natural hosts of several emerging zoonotic viruses, including paramyxoviruses, such as Hendra and Nipah viruses, that can cause fatal disease in humans. Recently, African fruit bats with populations that roost in or near urban areas have been shown to harbour a great diversity of paramyxoviruses, posing potential spillover risks to public health. Understanding the circulation of these viruses in their reservoir populations is essential to predict and prevent future emerging diseases. Here, we identify a high incidence of multiple paramyxoviruses in urine samples collected from a closed captive colony of circa 115 straw-coloured fruit bats (Eidolon helvum). The sequences detected have high nucleotide identities with those derived from free ranging African fruit bats and form phylogenetic clusters with the Henipavirus genus, Pararubulavirus genus and other unclassified paramyxoviruses. As this colony had been closed for 5 years prior to this study, these results indicate that within-host paramyxoviral persistence underlies the role of bats as reservoirs of these viruses.


Gibson, L., Ribas, M., Kemp, J., Restif, O., Suu-Ire, R., Wood, J., & Cunningham, A. (2021). Persistence of Multiple Paramyxoviruses in a Closed Captive Colony of Fruit Bats (Eidolon helvum). Viruses, 13(8),

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 16, 2021
Publication Date 2021
Deposit Date Dec 22, 2021
Publicly Available Date Dec 22, 2021
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 13
Issue 8
Keywords chiroptera; Pteropodidae; longitudinal study; Henipavirus; Pararubulavirus; NIPAH VIRUS; BUSHMEAT; TRANSMISSION; DYNAMICS; ASSAYS
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