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Survey on vaccination technique in UK sheep farmers and the impact of training

Hall, Lauren; Reilly, Beth; Blackie, Nicola


Lauren Hall

Beth Reilly

Nicola Blackie


Background: Vaccines are commonly used in sheep farming. Compliance with vaccination protocols, and subsequent suboptimal vaccination technique are concerns in the industry.
Methods: An online survey was distributed to UK sheep farmers containing 31 questions covering vaccination storage, technique and training. Respondents were asked to mark on the image of a sheep where they would give Intramuscular, Cutaneous and Subcutaneous vaccines.
Results: From 370 respondents; only 26.1% of participants correctly identified the correct location for subcutaneous (SC), 38.0% cutaneous and 7.7% intramuscular (IM) vaccination. Almost half (45.5%) stored their vaccines in a fridge specific to veterinary medicines, only 33.9% used a temperature logger, and 6.4% checked their fridge temperature daily. Almost half (45.5%) kept their vaccines 48 hours or longer after broaching and 11.1% kept until next time. Significantly more respondents who had training correctly identified the location for intramuscular vaccination (P


Hall, L., Reilly, B., & Blackie, N. (2022). Survey on vaccination technique in UK sheep farmers and the impact of training. Veterinary Record,

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 4, 2022
Online Publication Date Jul 21, 2022
Publication Date Jul 21, 2022
Deposit Date Nov 30, 2021
Publicly Available Date Aug 9, 2022
Print ISSN 0042-4900
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed


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