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Global prioritization of endemic zoonotic diseases for conducting surveillance in domestic animals to protect public health

Qiu, Y; Guitian, J; Webster, JP; Musallam, I; Haider, N; Drewe, JA; Song, JX


Y Qiu

J Guitian

JP Webster

I Musallam

N Haider

JA Drewe

JX Song


Zoonotic diseases (zoonoses) originating from domestic animals pose a significant risk to people's health and livelihoods, in addition to jeopardizing animal health and production. Effective surveillance of endemic zoonoses at the animal level is crucial to assessing the disease burden and risk, and providing early warning to prevent epidemics in animals and spillover to humans. Here we aimed to prioritize and characterize zoonoses for which surveillance in domestic animals is important to prevent human infections at a global scale. A multi-criteria qualitative approach was used, where disease-specific information was obtained across literature of the leading international health organizations. Thirty-two zoonoses were prioritized, all of which have multi-regional spread, cause unexceptional human infections and have domestic animal hosts as important sources or sentinels of zoonotic infections. Most diseases involve multiple animal hosts and/or modes of zoonotic transmission, where a lack of specific clinical signs in animals further complicates surveillance. We discuss the challenges of animal health surveillance in endemic and resource-limited settings, as well as potential avenues for improvement such as the multi-disease, multi-sectoral and digital surveillance approaches. Our study will support global capacity-building efforts to strengthen the surveillance and control of endemic zoonoses at their animal sources.This article is part of the theme issue 'Challenges and opportunities in the fight against neglected tropical diseases: a decade from the London Declaration on NTDs'.


Qiu, Y., Guitian, J., Webster, J., Musallam, I., Haider, N., Drewe, J., & Song, J. (2023). Global prioritization of endemic zoonotic diseases for conducting surveillance in domestic animals to protect public health. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 378(1887),

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 13, 2023
Online Publication Date Aug 21, 2023
Publication Date 2023
Deposit Date Oct 27, 2023
Print ISSN 0962-8436
Publisher The Royal Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 378
Issue 1887
Keywords zoonoses; disease prioritization; surveillance; domestic animals; public health; ZOONOSES; CHALLENGES; TRENDS