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Respiratory emergencies in adult horses

Dunkel, B


B Dunkel


Although respiratory distress is encountered infrequently in equine practice, it can be serious and potentially fatal, requiring immediate and decisive intervention. History and physical examination can often give sufficient clues to identify the cause of respiratory distress and initiate emergency treatment. Ultrasonography can also be invaluable when assessing distress caused by lower respiratory tract issues. Upper respiratory tract obstruction, tension pneumothorax and occasionally pulmonary oedema can be rapidly fatal and require immediate intervention by emergency tracheotomy, thoracocentesis and evacuation of pleural air or administration of furosemide and oxygen, if available. Acute severe asthma and substantial pleural effusion are often not an immediate threat to life but nonetheless require fast intervention including administration of bronchodilators and corticosteroids or pleurocentesis, respectively.


Dunkel, B. (2024). Respiratory emergencies in adult horses. Equine Veterinary Education,

Journal Article Type Review
Acceptance Date Mar 13, 2024
Online Publication Date Apr 8, 2024
Publication Date 2024
Deposit Date Apr 16, 2024
Publicly Available Date Apr 16, 2024
Print ISSN 0957-7734
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords horse; pleural effusion; pleuropneumonia; pneumothorax; pulmonary oedema; severe asthma; tracheostomy; HYDROSTATIC PULMONARY-EDEMA; LARYNGEAL PARALYSIS; BLOOD-GAS; COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY; ARTERIAL-BLOOD; SYRINGE TYPE; PNEUMOTHORAX; EFFICACY; STORAGE; TEMPERA


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