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Description and clinical relevance of the variable conformation of canine spinal arachnoid diverticula

De Frias, JM; De Decker, S; De Stefani, A; Llabres-Diaz, F


JM De Frias

S De Decker

A De Stefani

F Llabres-Diaz


The conformation of spinal arachnoid diverticula (SAD) and their clinical implications are poorly characterized in dogs. This retrospective cross-sectional study describes different SAD conformations in dogs and aims to identify if there is an association between SAD conformation and clinical features, localization, syringomyelia (SM) presence, concurrent vertebral condition, treatment option, and short as well as long-term outcome. Sixty-two dogs were included (12 cervical and 50 thoracolumbar SAD). All dogs with a cervical SAD had a cranial tethered conformation and were not included in the statistical analysis. Half of the dogs with a thoracolumbar SAD were cranial tethered, and the other half were caudal tethered. SM associated with SAD had a moderate prevalence in the cervical region (58.3%) and a high prevalence in the thoracolumbar region (82%). All dogs with the presence of SM and caudal tethered SAD had a cranial positioned SM, and all dogs with SM and a cranial tethered SAD had a caudal positioned SM. The SM absolute length and SM length/L2 ratio were significantly higher (P = .018, respectively) in the caudal tethered SAD compared with the cranial tethered SAD. The short-term outcome was statistically different (P = .045) between caudal and cranial tethered thoracolumbar SAD, but not the long-term outcome (P = .062). Multivariable logistic regression identified thoracolumbar caudal tethered SAD conformation had a better short-term outcome (P = 0.017, OR: 0.043, CI: 0.003-0.563), independently of SM length measurements. SAD conformation in dogs can influence SM formation. A possible link between short-term outcome and SAD conformation was found, but further research is warranted.


De Frias, J., De Decker, S., De Stefani, A., & Llabres-Diaz, F. (2024). Description and clinical relevance of the variable conformation of canine spinal arachnoid diverticula. Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound,

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 18, 2024
Online Publication Date Apr 4, 2024
Publication Date 2024
Deposit Date Apr 16, 2024
Publicly Available Date Apr 16, 2024
Print ISSN 1058-8183
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords dog; intradural arachnoid cyst; spinal arachnoid cyst; subarachnoid diverticulum; CYSTS; CLASSIFICATION; PATHOLOGIES; MENINGES; DOGS


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