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Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Veterinarians Towards Antimicrobial Resistance and Stewardship in Nigeria

Adekanye, U; Ekiri, A; Galipó, E; Muhammad, A; Mateus, A; La Ragione, R; Wakawa, A; Armson, B; Mijten, E; Alafiatayo, R; Varga, G; Cook, A


U Adekanye

A Ekiri

E Galipó

A Muhammad

A Mateus

R La Ragione

A Wakawa

B Armson

E Mijten

R Alafiatayo

G Varga

A Cook


Abstract: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global health concern and the inappropriate use of antibiotics in animals and humans are considered contributing factors. A cross-sectional survey to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of veterinarians regarding AMR and antimicrobial stewardship was conducted in Nigeria. A total of 241 respondents completed an online survey. Only 21% of respondents correctly defined the term antimicrobial stewardship and 59.8% were unaware of the guidelines provided by the Nigeria AMR National Action Plan. Over half (51%) of respondents indicated that prophylactic antibiotic use was appropriate when farm biosecurity was poor. Only 20% of the respondents conducted antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) frequently, and the unavailability of veterinary laboratory services (82%) and the owner’s inability to pay (72%) were reported as key barriers to conducting AST. The study findings suggest a focus on the following areas of potential intervention may be useful in improving appropriate antibiotic use and antimicrobial stewardship among veterinarians in Nigeria: increased awareness of responsible antimicrobial use among practicing and new graduated veterinarians, increased dissemination of regularly updated antibiotic use guidelines, increased understanding of the role of good biosecurity and vaccination practices in disease prevention, and increased provision of AST at affordable costs.


Adekanye, U., Ekiri, A., Galipó, E., Muhammad, A., Mateus, A., La Ragione, R., …Cook, A. (2020). Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Veterinarians Towards Antimicrobial Resistance and Stewardship in Nigeria. Antibiotics,

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 21, 2020
Publication Date Jul 28, 2020
Deposit Date Jul 31, 2020
Publicly Available Date Aug 13, 2020
Journal Antibiotics
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Public URL
Publisher URL


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