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Mechanical strain-mediated reduction in RANKL expression is associated with RUNX2 and BRD2

Galea, GL; Paradise, CR; Meakin, LM; Camilleri, ET; Taipaleenmaki, H; Stein, GS; Lanyon, LE; Price, JS; van Wijnen, AJ; Dudakovic, A


GL Galea

CR Paradise

LM Meakin

ET Camilleri

H Taipaleenmaki

GS Stein

LE Lanyon

JS Price

AJ van Wijnen

A Dudakovic


Mechanical loading-related strains trigger bone formation by osteoblasts while suppressing resorption by osteoclasts, uncoupling the processes of formation and resorption. Osteocytes may orchestrate this process in part by secreting sclerostin (SOST), which inhibits osteoblasts, and expressing receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL/TNFSF11) which recruits osteoclasts. Both SOST and RANKL are targets of the master osteoblastic transcription factor RUNX2. Subjecting human osteoblastic Saos-2 cells to strain by four point bending down-regulates their expression of SOST and RANKL without altering RUNX2 expression. RUNX2 knockdown increases basal SOST expression, but does not alter SOST down-regulation following strain. Conversely, RUNX2 knockdown does not alter basal RANKL expression, but prevents its down-regulation by strain. Chromatin immunoprecipitation revealed RUNX2 occupies a region of the RANKL promoter containing a consensus RUNX2 binding site and its occupancy of this site decreases following strain. The expression of epigenetic acetyl and methyl writers and readers was quantified by RT-qPCR to investigate potential epigenetic bases for this change. Strain and RUNX2 knockdown both down-regulate expression of the bromodomain acetyl reader BRD2. BRD2 and RUNX2 co-immunoprecipitate, suggesting interaction within regulatory complexes, and BRD2 was confirmed to interact with the RUNX2 promoter. BRD2 also occupies the RANKL promoter and its occupancy was reduced following exposure to strain. Thus, RUNX2 may contribute to bone remodeling by suppressing basal SOST expression, while facilitating the acute strain-induced down-regulation of RANKL through a mechanosensitive epigenetic loop involving BRD2.


Galea, G., Paradise, C., Meakin, L., Camilleri, E., Taipaleenmaki, H., Stein, G., …Dudakovic, A. (2020). Mechanical strain-mediated reduction in RANKL expression is associated with RUNX2 and BRD2.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 16, 2020
Publication Date Jan 16, 2020
Deposit Date Aug 13, 2020
Publicly Available Date Aug 13, 2020
Journal Gene: X
Print ISSN 25901583
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 5
Pages 100027
Public URL
Publisher URL


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