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SurF: an innovative framework in biosecurity and animal health surveillance evaluation

Muellner, P; Watts, J; Bingham, P; Bullians, M; Gould, B; Pande, A; Riding, T; Stevens, P; Vink, D; Staerk, K D C


P Muellner

J Watts

P Bingham

M Bullians

B Gould

A Pande

T Riding

P Stevens

D Vink

K D C Staerk


Surveillance for biosecurity hazards is being conducted by the New Zealand Competent Authority, the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) to support New Zealand's biosecurity system. Surveillance evaluation should be an integral part of the surveillance life cycle, as it provides a means to identify and correct problems and to sustain and enhance the existing strengths of a surveillance system. The surveillance evaluation Framework (SurF) presented here was developed to provide a generic framework within which the MPI biosecurity surveillance portfolio, and all of its components, can be consistently assessed. SurF is an innovative, cross‐sectoral effort that aims to provide a common umbrella for surveillance evaluation in the animal, plant, environment and aquatic sectors. It supports the conduct of the following four distinct components of an evaluation project: (i) motivation for the evaluation, (ii) scope of the evaluation, (iii) evaluation design and implementation and (iv) reporting and communication of evaluation outputs. Case studies, prepared by MPI subject matter experts, are included in the framework to guide users in their assessment. Three case studies were used in the development of SurF in order to assure practical utility and to confirm usability of SurF across all included sectors. It is anticipated that the structured approach and information provided by SurF will not only be of benefit to MPI but also to other New Zealand stakeholders. Although SurF was developed for internal use by MPI, it could be applied to any surveillance system in New Zealand or elsewhere.


Muellner, P., Watts, J., Bingham, P., Bullians, M., Gould, B., Pande, A., …Staerk, K. D. C. (2018). SurF: an innovative framework in biosecurity and animal health surveillance evaluation. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases,

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 13, 2018
Publication Date May 16, 2018
Deposit Date May 23, 2018
Publicly Available Date May 25, 2018
Journal Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
Print ISSN 1865-1674
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Public URL


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