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Comparison of veterinary drugs and veterinary homeopathy: part 1

Lees, P; Chambers, D; Pelligand, L; Toutain, P L; Whiting, M; Whitehead, M L


P Lees

D Chambers

L Pelligand

P L Toutain

M Whiting

M L Whitehead


For many years after its invention around 1796, homeopathy was widely used in people and later in animals. Over the intervening period (1796-2016) pharmacology emerged as a science from Materia Medica (medicinal materials) to become the mainstay of veterinary therapeutics. There remains today a much smaller, but significant, use of homeopathy by veterinary surgeons. Homeopathic products are sometimes administered when conventional drug therapies have not succeeded, but are also used as alternatives to scientifically based therapies and licensed products. The principles underlying the veterinary use of drug-based and homeopathic products are polar opposites; this provides the basis for comparison between them. This two-part review compares and contrasts the two treatment forms in respect of history, constituents, methods of preparation, known or postulated mechanisms underlying responses, the legal basis for use and scientific credibility in the 21st century. Part 1 begins with a consideration of why therapeutic products actually work or appear to do so.


Lees, P., Chambers, D., Pelligand, L., Toutain, P. L., Whiting, M., & Whitehead, M. L. (2017). Comparison of veterinary drugs and veterinary homeopathy: part 1. Veterinary Record, 181(7), 170-176.

Journal Article Type Review
Acceptance Date Apr 28, 2017
Publication Date Aug 11, 2017
Deposit Date Aug 16, 2017
Publicly Available Date Aug 16, 2017
Print ISSN 0042-4900
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 181
Issue 7
Pages 170-176
Public URL