Sonny A. Bacigalupo
The importance of fine-scale predictors of wild boar presence in an isolated population
Bacigalupo, Sonny A.; Chang, Yu-mei; Dixon, Linda K.; Gubbins, Simon; Kucharski, Adam J.; Drewe, Julian A.
Linda K. Dixon
Adam J. Kucharski
Julian A. Drewe
1. Predicting the likelihood of wildlife presence at potential wildlife-livestock interfaces is challenging. These interfaces are usually relatively small geographical areas where landscapes show large variation over small distances. Models of wildlife distribution based on coarse data over wide geographical ranges may not be representative of these interfaces. High-resolution data can help identify fine scale predictors of wildlife presence at a local scale and provide more precise predictions of species presence. These data may be used to inform knowledge of interface risks, such as disease transmission between wildlife and livestock, or human-wildlife conflict.
2. This study uses fine-scale presence data from wild boar (Sus scrofa) based on activity signs and direct field observations in and around the Forest of Dean in Gloucestershire, England. Spatial logistic regression models fitted using a variant of penalized quasi?likelihood were used to identify habitat-based and anthropogenic predictors of wild boar signs.
3. Our models showed that within the Forest of Dean, wild boar signs were more likely to be seen in spring, in forest-type habitats, closer to the centre of the forest and near litter bins. In the area surrounding the Forest of Dean, wild boar signs were more likely to be seen in forest-type habitats and near recreational parks and less likely to be seen near livestock.
4. This approach shows that wild boar presence can be predicted using fine-scale data over comparatively small areas and in human-dominated landscapes, whilst taking account of the spatial correlation from other nearby fine-scale data-points. The methods we use could be applied to map the presence of other wildlife species in similar landscapes, or of movement-restricted, isolated or fragmented wildlife populations.
Bacigalupo, S. A., Chang, Y., Dixon, L. K., Gubbins, S., Kucharski, A. J., & Drewe, J. A. (2022). The importance of fine-scale predictors of wild boar presence in an isolated population. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.9031
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||May 27, 2022|
|Publication Date||Jun 22, 2022|
|Deposit Date||Jul 13, 2021|
|Publicly Available Date||Jul 15, 2022|
|Peer Reviewed||Not Peer Reviewed|
The Importance Of Fine-scale Predictors Of Wild Boar Presence In An Isolated Population
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