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Clinical efficacy of prebiotics and glycosaminoglycans versus placebo In dogs with food responsive enteropathy receiving a hydrolyzed diet: A pilot study

Glanemann, Barbara; Seo, Yeon-Jung; Priestnall, Simon L; Garden, Oliver A; Kilburn, Logan; Rossoni-Serao, Mariana; Segarra Id, Sergi; Mochel, Jonathan P; Allenspach, Karin


Barbara Glanemann

Yeon-Jung Seo

Simon L Priestnall

Oliver A Garden

Logan Kilburn

Mariana Rossoni-Serao

Sergi Segarra Id

Jonathan P Mochel

Karin Allenspach


Induction of remission is easily achieved with dietary treatment in dogs diagnosed with Food Responsive Chronic Diarrhea (FRD). Administration of prebiotics and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) may improve epithelial cell integrity and therefore be useful as adjunct treatment. This study evaluated whether the relapse rate of FRD dogs that are switched back to a normal diet can be influenced using supplemental treatment with prebiotics and GAGs. A randomized, controlled clinical trial (RCCT) was performed in dogs diagnosed with FRD. Dogs were diagnosed based on clinical exclusion diagnosis, endoscopic biopsies showing predominantly lymphoplasmacytic infiltration, and response to dietary treatment. Dogs were randomized to be fed a combination of prebiotics and GAGs (group 1) or placebo (group 2) in addition to a hydrolyzed diet. At week 10, a second endoscopy was performed and dogs were switched back to normal diet. Relapse rate was monitored every 2 weeks after that until week 18. Statistical analysis was performed for each outcome (Canine Chronic Enteropathy Clinical Activity Index (CCECAI), clinicopathological data, endoscopic scoring, mWSAVA histological scoring index (mWSAVA), and number of relapses following switch to normal diet) using a linear mixed effects model for group comparison. Time, group, and their interactions were included as a fixed effect, whereas each dog was treated as a random effect. Of the 35 dogs enrolled into the clinical trial, 10 in each group reached the point of second endoscopy. A total of 13 dogs (n = 8 in group 1 and n = 5 in group 2) reached the trial endpoint of 18 weeks. After switching back to normal diet, none of the dogs in either group relapsed. No significant differences were found over time or between groups for CCECAI, endoscopy scoring and histological scoring. Although there was a clinical worsening in the placebo group after switching back to the original diet, this was not statistically significant (CCECAI p = 0.58). Post-hoc power calculation revealed that 63 dogs per group would have been needed to detect statistically significant differences in CIBDAI between treatment groups. Standard dietary treatment induced rapid clinical response in all cases, however, additional supplementation with prebiotics and GAGs did not significantly improve clinical outcome within 4 months after switching back to normal diet. Since there are very few RCCT published in CE in dogs, this pilot study provides important power analyses for planning of further studies.


Glanemann, B., Seo, Y., Priestnall, S. L., Garden, O. A., Kilburn, L., Rossoni-Serao, M., … Allenspach, K. (2021). Clinical efficacy of prebiotics and glycosaminoglycans versus placebo In dogs with food responsive enteropathy receiving a hydrolyzed diet: A pilot study. PLoS ONE,

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 19, 2021
Publication Date Oct 21, 2021
Deposit Date Jul 7, 2022
Publicly Available Date Jul 13, 2022
Journal Plos One
Publisher Public Library of Science
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed


Clinical Efficacy Of Prebiotics And Glycosaminoglycans Versus Placebo In Dogs With Food Responsive Enteropathy Receiving A Hydrolyzed Diet A Pilot Study (1.6 Mb)

Copyright Statement
The work is made available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. More details available here


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