Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Rift Valley fever seropositivity in humans and domestic ruminants and associated risk factors in Sengerema, Ilala, and Rufiji districts, Tanzania

Sindato, C; Karimuribo, ED; Vairo, F; Misinzo, G; Rweyemamu, MM; Hamid, MMA; Haider, N; Tungu, PK; Kock, R; Rumisha, SF; Mbilu, T; Ntoumi, F; Zumla, A; Mboera, LEG


C Sindato

ED Karimuribo

F Vairo

G Misinzo

MM Rweyemamu

MMA Hamid

N Haider

PK Tungu

R Kock

SF Rumisha

T Mbilu

F Ntoumi

A Zumla

LEG Mboera


Objectives: Data on Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) prevalence in urban settings and pastoral areas of Tanzania are scarce. We performed a cross-sectional study of RVFV seroprevalence and determinants in humans and animals from Ilala, Rufiji, and Sengerema districts of Tanzania. Methods: Blood samples from the study participants were tested for anti-RVFV immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Logistic regression was used to determine association between exposure risk practices and RVFV seropositivity. Results: The study involved 664 humans, 361 cattle, 394 goats, and 242 sheep. The overall anti-RVFV IgG seroprevalence in humans and animals was 2.1% (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.01-0.04) and 9.5% (n = 95, 95% CI 0.08-0.12), respectively. Seroprevalence in humans in Rufiji, Ilala, and Sengerema was 3.0% (n = 225, 95% CI 0.01-0.06), 1.8% (n = 230, 95% CI-0.0 05- 0.04), and 1.4% (n = 209, 95% CI 0.010.04), respectively ( P > 0.05). Seroprevalence in animals in Sengerema, Rufiji, and Ilala was 12.1% (n = 40, 95% CI 0.09-0.16), 11.1% (n = 37, 95% CI 0.08-0.15), and 5.4% (n = 18, 95% CI 0.03-0.08), respectively ( P = 0.006). Handling of carcasses increased the odds of RVFV seropositivity 12-fold (odds ratio 11.84, 95% CI 1.97-71.16). Conclusion: The study confirms previous occurrence of RVFV in multiple species in the study districts. Animal handling practices appear to be essential determinants of seropositivity. (c) 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of International Society for Infectious Diseases. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( )


Sindato, C., Karimuribo, E., Vairo, F., Misinzo, G., Rweyemamu, M., Hamid, M., …Mboera, L. (2022). Rift Valley fever seropositivity in humans and domestic ruminants and associated risk factors in Sengerema, Ilala, and Rufiji districts, Tanzania. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 122, 559-565.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 3, 2022
Online Publication Date Aug 7, 2022
Publication Date 2022
Deposit Date Aug 7, 2023
Publicly Available Date Aug 7, 2023
Print ISSN 1201-9712
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 122
Pages 559-565
Keywords Rift Valley fever; Risk practices; Seropositivity; Humans; Ruminants; Tanzania; VIRUS; ANTIBODIES; INFECTION; OUTBREAK


You might also like

Downloadable Citations