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Genetic and Antigenic Characterization of Avian Avulavirus Type 6 (AAvV-6) Circulating in Canadian Wild Birds (2005-2017)

Hisanaga, T; Soos, C; Lewis, N; Lung, O; Suderman, M; Berhane, Y


T Hisanaga

C Soos

N Lewis

O Lung

M Suderman

Y Berhane


We describe for the first time the genetic and antigenic characterization of 18 avian avulavirus type-6 viruses (AAvV-6) that were isolated from wild waterfowl in the Americas over the span of 12 years. Only one of the AAvV-6 viruses isolated failed to hemagglutinate chicken red blood cells. We were able to obtain full genome sequences of 16 and 2 fusion gene sequences from the remaining 2 isolates. This is more than double the number of full genome sequences available at the NCBI database. These AAvV-6 viruses phylogenetically grouped into the 2 existing AAvV-6 genotype subgroups indicating the existence of an intercontinental epidemiological link with other AAvV-6 viruses isolated from migratory waterfowl from different Eurasian countries. Antigenic maps made using HI assay data for these isolates showed that the two genetic groups were also antigenically distinct. An isolate representing each genotype was inoculated in specific pathogen free (SPF) chickens, however, no clinical symptoms were observed. A duplex fusion gene based real-time assay for the detection and genotyping of AAvV-6 to genotype 1 and 2 was developed. Using the developed assay, the viral shedding pattern in the infected chickens was examined. The chickens infected with both genotypes were able to shed the virus orally for about a week, however, no significant cloacal shedding was detected in chickens of both groups. Chickens in both groups developed detectable levels of anti-hemagglutinin antibodies 7 days after infection.


Hisanaga, T., Soos, C., Lewis, N., Lung, O., Suderman, M., & Berhane, Y. (2021). Genetic and Antigenic Characterization of Avian Avulavirus Type 6 (AAvV-6) Circulating in Canadian Wild Birds (2005-2017). Viruses, 13(4),

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 23, 2021
Publication Date 2021
Deposit Date Dec 21, 2021
Publicly Available Date Dec 21, 2021
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 13
Issue 4
Keywords AAvV-6; genome sequence; avian avulavirus (serotype; novel strain)
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