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Development of Reporting Guidelines for Animal Health Surveillance—AHSURED

Comin, A; Grewar, J; Schaik, G V; Schwermer, H; Paré, J; El Allaki, F; Drewe, J A; Lopes Antunes, A C; Estberg, L; Horan, M; Calvo-Artavia, F F; Jibril, A H; Martínez-Avilés, M; Van Der Stede, Y; Antoniou, S-E; Lindberg, A


A Comin

J Grewar

G V Schaik

H Schwermer

J Paré

F El Allaki

J A Drewe

A C Lopes Antunes

L Estberg

M Horan

F F Calvo-Artavia

A H Jibril

M Martínez-Avilés

Y Van Der Stede

S-E Antoniou

A Lindberg


With the current trend in animal health surveillance toward risk-based designs and a gradual transition to output-based standards, greater flexibility in surveillance design is both required and allowed. However, the increase in flexibility requires more transparency regarding surveillance, its activities, design and implementation. Such transparency allows stakeholders, trade partners, decision-makers and risk assessors to accurately interpret the validity of the surveillance outcomes. This paper presents the first version of the Animal Health Surveillance Reporting Guidelines (AHSURED) and the process by which they have been developed. The goal of AHSURED was to produce a set of reporting guidelines that supports communication of surveillance activities in the form of narrative descriptions. Reporting guidelines come from the field of evidence-based medicine and their aim is to improve consistency and quality of information reported in scientific journals. They usually consist of a checklist of items to be reported, a description/definition of each item, and an explanation and elaboration document. Examples of well-reported items are frequently provided. Additionally, it is common to make available a website where the guidelines are documented and maintained. This first version of the AHSURED guidelines consists of a checklist of 40 items organized in 11 sections (i.e., surveillance system building blocks), which is available as a wiki at The choice of a wiki format will allow for further inputs from surveillance experts who were not involved in the earlier stages of development. This will promote an up-to-date refined guideline document.


Comin, A., Grewar, J., Schaik, G. V., Schwermer, H., Paré, J., El Allaki, F., …Lindberg, A. (2019). Development of Reporting Guidelines for Animal Health Surveillance—AHSURED. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 6,

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 11, 2019
Publication Date Nov 27, 2019
Deposit Date Dec 12, 2019
Publicly Available Date Jan 6, 2020
Journal Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Publisher Frontiers Media
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 6
Public URL


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