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Survival rates and factors associated with survival and laminitis of horses with acute diarrhoea admitted to referral institutions (2023)
Journal Article
MEDS Grp, Gomez, D., Dunkel, B., Renaud, D., Arroyo, L., Schoster, A., …Toribio, R. (2023). Survival rates and factors associated with survival and laminitis of horses with acute diarrhoea admitted to referral institutions. Equine Veterinary Journal, https://doi.org/10.1111/evj.14032

Background: Clinicopathological findings and their association with the outcome and development of laminitis in horses with acute diarrhoea has not been investigated in a multicentre study across different geographic regions.Objectives: Describe and... Read More about Survival rates and factors associated with survival and laminitis of horses with acute diarrhoea admitted to referral institutions.

Diagnostic approaches, aetiological agents and their associations with short-term survival and laminitis in horses with acute diarrhoea admitted to referral institutions (2023)
Journal Article
Gomez, D., Arroyo, L., Schoster, A., Renaud, D., Kopper, J., Dunkel, B., …Toribio, R. (2023). Diagnostic approaches, aetiological agents and their associations with short-term survival and laminitis in horses with acute diarrhoea admitted to referral institutions. Equine Veterinary Journal, https://doi.org/10.1111/evj.14024

Background: An international description of the diagnostic approaches used in different institutions to diagnose acute equine diarrhoea and the pathogens detected is lacking.Objectives: To describe the diagnostic approach, aetiological agents, outcom... Read More about Diagnostic approaches, aetiological agents and their associations with short-term survival and laminitis in horses with acute diarrhoea admitted to referral institutions.

Clinical presentation and outcome of gastric impactions with or without concurrent intestinal lesions in horses (2023)
Journal Article
Talbot, S., Tallon, R., & Dunkel, B. (2023). Clinical presentation and outcome of gastric impactions with or without concurrent intestinal lesions in horses. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, https://doi.org/10.1111/jvim.16735

BackgroundGastric impactions (GI) have been identified as primary lesions (lone GI; LGI) or associated with other intestinal lesions (concurrent GI; CGI). Anecdotally, CGI resolve more rapidly with a better prognosis than LGI. ObjectivesTo determine... Read More about Clinical presentation and outcome of gastric impactions with or without concurrent intestinal lesions in horses.

Influence of endocrine disease on l-lactate concentrations in blood of ponies (2021)
Journal Article
Dunkel, B., Knowles, E., Chang, Y., & Menzies-Gow, N. (2021). Influence of endocrine disease on l-lactate concentrations in blood of ponies. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 35(3), 1582-1588. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvim.16079

Background Blood l-lactate concentrations are higher in people with developing or established diabetes mellitus and insulin resistance. Objectives To investigate whether blood l-lactate concentrations are positively correlated with measures of insuli... Read More about Influence of endocrine disease on l-lactate concentrations in blood of ponies.

Computed tomographic and magnetic resonance imaging of a coup contrecoup traumatic brain injury in a horse (2021)
Journal Article
Morgan, R., Dunkel, B., Spiro, S., & Beltran, E. (2022). Computed tomographic and magnetic resonance imaging of a coup contrecoup traumatic brain injury in a horse. Equine Veterinary Education, https://doi.org/10.1111/eve.13441

A 3-year-old Thoroughbred mare found recumbent in the field was referred for further assessment with suspicion of a skull fracture. Neurological examination identified compulsive tight circling to the left, and hypermetria in all four limbs. The mare... Read More about Computed tomographic and magnetic resonance imaging of a coup contrecoup traumatic brain injury in a horse.

Science in brief: The role of the glycocalyx in critical ill patients with reference to the horse (2020)
Journal Article
Bettina, D. (2020). Science in brief: The role of the glycocalyx in critical ill patients with reference to the horse. Equine Veterinary Journal,

The glycocalyx, a gel-like layer covering the luminal surface of vascular endothelial cells has several key functions in maintaining homeostasis in the vasculature. Interest in the glycocalyx has significantly increased in the last decades and damage... Read More about Science in brief: The role of the glycocalyx in critical ill patients with reference to the horse.

Responsible antimicrobial use in critically ill adult horses (2020)
Journal Article
Dunkel, B. (2020). Responsible antimicrobial use in critically ill adult horses. Equine Veterinary Education, https://doi.org/10.1111/eve.13334

Due to increasing antimicrobial resistance, pressure on veterinarians is mounting to adhere to responsible use of antimicrobial drugs. Antimicrobials are frequently included in the treatment of systemically ill horses due to the strong likelihood of... Read More about Responsible antimicrobial use in critically ill adult horses.

Association between hyponatremia and neurological dysfunction in hospitalized foals (2019)
Journal Article
Dunkel, B., Dodson, F., Chang, Y. M., & Slovis, N. M. (2019). Association between hyponatremia and neurological dysfunction in hospitalized foals. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, 30(1), 66-73. https://doi.org/10.1111/vec.12906

Hyponatremia and rapid correction of hyponatremia can lead to neurological abnormalities. The objective of the study was to determine whether plasma sodium concentrations (Na+) and speed of correction of hyponatremia are significantly associated with... Read More about Association between hyponatremia and neurological dysfunction in hospitalized foals.

Retrospective evaluation of the association between admission blood glucose and l-lactate concentrations in ponies and horses with gastrointestinal disease (2008-2016): 545 cases (2019)
Journal Article
Dunkel, B., Mason, C. J., & Chang, Y. M. (2019). Retrospective evaluation of the association between admission blood glucose and l-lactate concentrations in ponies and horses with gastrointestinal disease (2008-2016): 545 cases. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, https://doi.org/10.1111/vec.12851

A recent study described increased l‐lactate concentrations in ponies with gastrointestinal disease compared to horses, but blood glucose (BG) concentrations were not considered. The study tested the hypothesis that BG and l‐lactate concentrations ar... Read More about Retrospective evaluation of the association between admission blood glucose and l-lactate concentrations in ponies and horses with gastrointestinal disease (2008-2016): 545 cases.

Clinical features, anaesthetic management and perioperative complications seen in three horses with pheochromocytoma (2019)
Journal Article
Norgate, D. J., Foster, A., Dunkel, B., Spiro, S., & Veres-Nyeki, K. O. (2019). Clinical features, anaesthetic management and perioperative complications seen in three horses with pheochromocytoma. https://doi.org/10.1136/vetreccr-2018-000744

Three horses presenting with colic signs to the Equine Referral Hospital at The Royal Veterinary College underwent general anaesthesia between September 2013 and November 2017 for emergency exploratory laparotomy. No obvious cause for the colic signs... Read More about Clinical features, anaesthetic management and perioperative complications seen in three horses with pheochromocytoma.

Equine atypical myopathy associated with sycamore seed ingestion in a Przewalski foal (2016)
Journal Article
Molenaar, F. M., Piercy, R. J., Dunkel, B., Manning, N., English, K., Stidworthy, M., & Masters, N. J. (2016). Equine atypical myopathy associated with sycamore seed ingestion in a Przewalski foal. https://doi.org/10.19227/jzar.v4i2.156

One of the 172 UK cases of equine atypical myopathy (EAM) reported to the Atypical Myopathy Alert Group (AMAG) in 2014 was that of a five-month old male Przewalski horse (Equus ferus przewalskii), resident at ZSL Whipsnade Zoo, UK. The foal presented... Read More about Equine atypical myopathy associated with sycamore seed ingestion in a Przewalski foal.

Indications, complications, and outcome of horses undergoing repeated celiotomy within 14 days after the first colic surgery: 95 cases (2005-2013) (2015)
Journal Article
Dunkel, B., Mair, T., Marr, C. M., Carnwath, J., & Bolt, D. M. (2015). Indications, complications, and outcome of horses undergoing repeated celiotomy within 14 days after the first colic surgery: 95 cases (2005-2013). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 246(5), 540-6. https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.246.5.540